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Elections

The Indian Election: The Anatomy Of How One Eighth Of The World Vote

The Indian election has kicked off in a grand manner with a record turnover of voters and polling stations is an exercise of democracy like we have never seen before. With nearly one-eighth of the world, roughly 900 million eligible voters line up to cast their vote in the single largest democracy in the world. India has opted to conduct the entire election process in multiple phases and that means that the Political campaigns matter more as they help in reaching the undecided and information-deprived voters with the perception of winnability hold the key to winning this general election. This is also an election that is fiercely contested not only in the hot and dusty rallies but also in the prevalent world of social media as Whatsapp, Facebook, Instagram, Tik Tok, and Twitter.

1/6.  India is holding the biggest election in history

India is the 2nd highest populated country in the world is conducting the world’s largest election as a democracy. In the days from 11th April and May 19, India will be moving more than 2.5 lakh people over 25 helicopters, 500 trains and 17500 vehicles, hundreds on horses and mules and some o boats and ship which would come to a cost of Rs 200 crores. This is the sheer intensity and logistics of carrying out, securing and organizing the world’s biggest election in the world’s largest democracy.

The pure logistical challenge that the government is facing is immense as it takes months and months of planning, resource gathering, meticulous coordination, and exceptional management to get all the voters spread across the nation to vote across 10 lakh booth for the 543 seats.  The departments of Home Ministry, The Election commission and the Central Reserve Police Force have held several meetings creating a plan, addressing challenges and finding solutions.

2/6.  Who are the Eligible Voters

The eligibility of a voter is decided on by several factors of which the basic one is of being above the age of 18. Eighty-four million new voters were added in this election making the total number of voters to 900 million of the total population of 1.3 billion people in India. Female voters are a little less than half, while 300 million are illiterate and almost 39,000 identify as transgender. No voters are meant to travel more than 2Km to reach a polling station. Because of the enormous number of election personnel and security personnel involved, voting is taking place in seven stages between 11 April and 19 May. In the past, Indias’s historic first election in 1951-1952 took 3 months to complete. Between 1982 and 1989, elections were completed in four to ten days. The shortest ever election took place in four days in 1980.

3/6.  Number of parties in India

India has a great number of political parties that are present all around the country out of which almost 2300 are registered out of which 7 are recognized at the national level and 59 at the state level. In the previous election, several parties had contested with more than 8,000 candidates for the lower house of the parliament, which constitutes of 543 seats that are up for grabs. In the election 2019, the primary parties contesting nationwide are the Prime minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP), and the opposition Congress party of his main rival Rahul Gandhi, which is dominating the political landscape. Mr. Narendra Modi is running for his second term as the Prime Minister meanwhile Mr. Rahul Gandhi is running to become the Prime Minister of India. Although the minor parties don’t contest in the national stage, they are important because they are locally influential in many states and the larger parties seek a coalition with the smaller parties which could make all the difference.

4/6. How are the winners decided in the General Elections

The winner is decided by the majority number of votes system where the candidate with the highest number of votes in each is elected. The election nearly stretches for six weeks, with the voting that is held in seven separate phases to ensure all the polling booths are prepared and security is in place. India is holding the elections at a scale that has not been done before, deploying of around 10 million officials who will enforce the election rule, including no voter, has to travel more than 2 km to cast their ballot. Bringing this into effect is a grueling task that takes coordination and immense planning as a 20 member team of election officials and police will trek into the jungle of Arunachal Pradesh for a single voter. The winner will have many responsibilities to address including India’s economy, Job creation, Terror threats, and national safety and more.

5/6. Casting vote made easy and efficient

Casting votes have been a very rewarding experience as you are exercising one of your fundamental rights of democracy. This year the entire election will be done with the electronic voting machine. With many polling booths spread out throughout the country, millions of electronic voting machines will be deployed to even far off and hard to reach places, transported by helicopters and Camels. These EVM’s are briefcase size, battery-powered and can be easily transported. This year as a safety measure the VVPAT box is introduced, slips will be printed every time anyone casts a ballot and the slips are collected in a sealed box. After the voter casts his vote his hand is marked by indelible blue ink, ensuring that people don’t vote twice.

6/6. Declaring the results

The final results of the 6-week election end on May 19, with the results, declared four days later once the counting is completed once the entire counting of the 543 constituencies is completed. This year there could be a slight delay as the Supreme Court has asked for random inspection of the EVM results against the paper slips that are collected by the EVM machine from the polling station. In the case of a clear mandate, the results can be confirmed by noon. In the scenario that no party gets the majority, it may take several days for the government to form. In the last General election, BJP won by 10 seats more than it is required to form the first majority government in three decades.

So the opportunity and the responsibility to vote in this historic election is upon us, as the citizens of India we should express our freedom and the right to vote by taking part in the voting process. Find out the proposed election dates near you and visit your closest election booth to vote for your representative. Because each vote counts.

 

The Lok Sabha Elections 2019 – Game Of Power For The World’s Largest Democracy

We are in April 2019 heading straight right into the General Elections in India, which is held every five years and has been, scheduled to be held in 7 phases from 11 April to 19 May 2019. Elections decide upon the ruling party in India which is selected by the highest number of seats that are won by the contesting parties and their MP’s. 2018 had been a year of many political changes rearranging the stage to such an extent that the 2019 elections are the proper contest to be witnessed. The 17th Lok Sabha elections will surely decide upon the political climate of India and the future of its citizens as there are a number of issues supposed to be of importance including the recent conflict with Pakistan, GST, Unemployment and national security.

To vote is to have your say at the elections, and to do that you must be 18 years or older, a resident of the polling area of the constituency and should also possess a valid voters identification card issued by the election commission of India. This year will also feature the voter -verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) system which helps record each vote cast by generating an EVM slip and is to be implemented in all of the 543 Lok Sabha constituency and this year will have a record-breaking 10lakh plus polling stations during the elections. Considering the 900 million people eligible to vote, and an increase of 84.3 million from the previous election, 2019 is the largest –ever election in the world.

How is the Prime minister elected?

In India, the winning party with the majority of the seats gets to choose the Prime minister. At a total of 543 seats, the parties are represented by candidates in Lok Sabha, the lower house of the parliament. The prime minister will be the representative from the party with the highest number of seats at the Lok Sabha. In case, if no party fails to get a majority, a coalition of different parties can come together to form the next government. The polling process lasts several weeks altogether as it unfolds in several phases in different regions of the country. The votes are to be counted and the results to be announced by the end of May 23.

The BJP – Congress – Regional parties Test

BJP: BJP is at a crossroad, considering their stint at power for the last 5 years and seeking a second term in government. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the BJP campaign on 12 January 2019 and emphasized on job creation and economic development. Modi looks to adopt a high-risk strategy as an incumbent prime minister, trying to establish fresh chemistry along with potent allies and leaders. But, this would mean BJP adjusting priorities to better suit the old and potential new allies as they can exercise better influence over the BJP government. Internally Modi has to unite more vocal right-wing elements under a new Modi agenda and help in shaping the political landscape of BJP at the crossroad. BJP has a tricky terrain to cross this election and they look to be going all in to be the ruling party once again in India

Congress:  The Congress is trying to broaden the chances for its president Rahul Gandhi to come into power by keeping him off the BJP propagated a race of NaMo vs RaGa as it feels that it would turn the fence-sitting voters towards Modi. Rahul Gandhi is pursuing the Congress’s power of committed voters to strike alliances with regional parties that feel threatened by BJP’s rise and rule. Congress’s victory lies in its ability to concede space and act peacemaker among regional parties will extent, nature and the challenge it can pose against as the opposition against the BJP.

Regional Parties: Regional parties have a vital role to play this election. The regional pride the parties induce and propagate will be asserted strongly in 2019 for the name of protecting India’s federal character. However, the biggest challenge for these parties is that they are saddled by the second generation leadership of the dynastic approach and a rebellion is usually as unexpected as can be a whisper away in these regional parties. Akhilesh Yadav, Omar Abdullah, Mehbooba Mufti, Tejaswi Prasad, Sukhbir Badal, Uddhav Thackray, M K Stalin, and H D Kumaraswamy are among the prominent next-generation dynast that have had a good start and with efficient hand held by their leaders and now faces the credibility test to prove their individual worth in politics. The other set of parties are dominated by single leaders and are more relatively successful than the ‘dynasts’.

The Battle for Karnataka

The 2019 Lok Sabha Elections are all set for the battle of Karnataka as BJP, Congress and JD(S) are all gearing to take control of the state. Karnataka goes into polls o both April 18 and April 23, as part of the seven-phase polls as announced this year. The total seats available are 28 for the 28 constituencies of Karnataka of which 14 would go into the poll in the 1st phase with the second phase of polls followed on April 23rd.

Every vote counts the story of India’s election

The 2019 Election is the opportunity for every Indian citizen to utilize their right to vote to power their chosen government as our right to vote obligates us to exercise it. This is the most fundamental right a citizen has in a democracy and the hallmark of a vibrant democracy like India, where the voting can be done freely and fearlessly. There are false rumors of penalty for non-voters and e-voting, but as the worlds biggest democracy India grants every freedom of choice for people to vote or not at their discretion. For more info on the current issues, this election clicks here.

We know that the general elections 2019 will be crucial for the economy as well as the welfare of the people. Prepare yourself adequately, as we exercise the right to vote this year is the least we can do as responsible citizens of this great nation, our beloved India!

 

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